By Ashok Kapur
25 Oct , 2015
India’s strategic problems took shape in past centuries and Indian history reveals two recurring patterns.
First, foreign powers will not leave India alone and they have the tools to keep Indian power and influence in check, and to keep its leaders on the defensive in strategic and economic affairs. India’s debilitated strategic situation is the result of recurring and successful foreign interventions – by European colonisers after the ascendency of the Mughals, and following India’s independence – by Pakistan, USA and China.