by Devika Kher
AUGUST 28, 2015
The Smart Cities Mission Statement provides a base for an autonomous and an independent city.
The Mission Statement and Guidelines on Smart Cities released by the Ministry of Urban Development attempts to modify the governance structure and finances such that the cities become autonomous and self reliant entities. Setting up of Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs), devolution of authorities and opening up the options for raising finance are basic steps made in this direction. The Mission statement also emphasises on replication of the learning from the smart cities and on increasing citizen involvement.
The Mission Statement and Guideline gives a comprehensive outlook into the objectives and the focus areas of the Smart City Mission launched a month ago on July 25 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The Prime Minister claimed that a selection of cities on competitive parameters will end the top-down approach, and lead to people-centric urban development.
The Smart Cities Mission is a centrally sponsored scheme as per which Rs. 48,000 crore will be provided to 98 local bodies selected after a rigorous process. The purpose of this mission is “to improve the quality of life of people by enabling local area development and harnessing technology”. As per the guideline, the definition of smart city varies “depending on the level of development, willingness to change and reform, resources and aspirations of the city residents”. There are four pillars of comprehensive development identified to develop the urban eco-system- institutional, physical, social and economic infrastructure.