The Ros hni programme was launched in July 2013, a month after the dastardly attack by Maoists on a convoy o f Indian National Congress leaders and workers inwhich 27 people were killed in the Darbha Valley of Sukma district in Chhattisgarh. The programme is part of the integrated approachof the Central Gove rnment,which aims at conflict resolution through holistic measures in the areas of security, develop ment, ensuring rights and entitlements of local communities, improvement in governance and public pe rception management in areas affected by Left Wing Extremism (LWE). The Roshni programme is part of the development effort and is closely based on the lines of the Himayat program currently functional in Jammu and Kashmir. It is designed to target youth in the age group of 18-35 years and is to be i mplemented in 24 districts critically affected by LWE. The program focuses on skill development and providing employment to the tribal youth, and expects seventy five percent of the trained youth to b e absorbed by the organised sector.Special attention is also to be given to vulnerable tribal groups and women.
Although shortage of skilled workforce exists in the organised sector, focusing all the energy generated from this programme towards this sector may not yield the desired results. Con sidering the high levels of underemployment and unemploymentacross the country, it is apparent that such issues are a pan-Indian concern.In addition, absorption of youth in the organised sector has a relationship with educational levels, which as of now remain dismally low in the tribal belts. The s tates worst affected by Naxalism, namely, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Bihar and Orissa have high popula tion growth rates and low literacy levels. As per the population census 2011, Male literacy rate in Bastar district is 64.82 percent and female literacy is 44.26 percent. Apparently, a multi-pronged l ong-term approach would be required wherein education would have to be the key intervention. In such a scenario, livelihood opportunities need to be creatively conceptualised and consequently diversif ied. We need district specific models, which use the states existing resources and infrastructure. < o:p>